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White-Tailed Sabrewing HummingBird

The White-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus ensipennis) is considered to be globally Near Threatened (IUCN 2008). It is found in the Cordillera de Caripe and Paria Peninsula, both in northeast Venezuela and in Tobago, West Indies (Collar et al. 1992). The Tobago population was thought to be extinct after hurricane Flora hit the Island in 1963 when almost all the island’s forest was destroyed. The species was then “rediscovered” in 1974 (ffrench 1975, 1991). In its Venezuelan range (excepting the east Paria Peninsula), there has been clearance of forest for agriculture and pasture as well as repeated burning and understory removal for coffee. These destructions have resulted in significant population declines.

Before hurricane Flora, Campylopterus ensipennis in Tobago was considered a common resident in hill-forested areas and the montane forest of the Main Ridge Forest Reserve (ffrench 1991). ffrench believed that his rediscovery of the species in 1974 indicated a gradual re-establishing of the population. Since then small numbers of Sabrewings have been recorded regularly in the Louis d’Or Valley and in the Main Ridge Forest Reserve in northeast Tobago (Rooks 1987).

White-tailed Sabrewing (Adobe PDF 19KB)

White-tailed Sabrewing Brochure (Adobe PDF 1.39MB)


EMA's Biodiversity Series featuring the White-Tailed Sabrewing Humming Bird


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