Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) was signed in Bonn, Germany, in 1997 to protect certain endangered species from over-exploitation, by means of a system of import/export permits. This includes animals and plants, whether dead or alive, and any recognisable parts or derivatives.
Appendix 1 of the Convention – Covers endangered species, trade in which is to be tightly controlled.
Appendix 11 – Covers species that may become endangered unless trade is regulated.
Appendix 111 – Covers species that any Party wishes to regulate and requires international cooperation to control trade.
Appendix 1V – Contains model permits. Permits are required for species listed in appendices 1 and 11 stating that export/import will not be detrimental to the survival of the species.